The Three Main Groups Of Japanese Verbs (+ How To Conjugate)

Written byIchika Yamamoto

There are three main groups of Japanese verbs.

Verbs ending in "-u" are in the first group, verbs ending in "-iru" or "-eru" are in the second group and the third group contains irregular verbs.

In Japanese, there are only two irregular verbs.

Types of verbs

  • Godan (Consonant stem verbs) All the verbs ending with (い) る or (え) る

  • Ichidan (Vowel stem verbs) Words ending in: う, く, ぐ, す, つ, ぬ, ぶ, む or る.

  • Irregular Verbs する (*e.*to do) and来(く)る (*e.*to come).

The conjugation of all the Japanese verbs is the same for all pronouns. (I, you, he, she, we, they). In addition, there are several of verb conjugations including the following:

  • Nonpast
  • Past
  • Causative
  • Causitive-passive
  • Conjunctive
  • Conditionals
  • Passive
  • Potential
  • Imperative
  • Volitional
  • Provisional

How to conjugate the most common Japanese verbs

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Author: Ichika Yamamoto
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