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Japanese Vocabulary: Family Members In Japanese

Japanese culture is one of most ancient culture in the world, this is the reason why one must learn about its culture and japanese language is the first step to learn it. In this guide one will learn about family in Japanese.

Japanese Family

() - ( ) - (Kazoku )

Honorific words

EnglishKanyiHiragana/KatakanaRomaji
older brotherお 兄 さ んおにいさんoniisan
younger brother弟 さ んおとうとさんotoutosan
older sisterお 姉 さ んおねえさんoneesan
younger sister妹 さ んいもうとさんimoutosan
fatherお 父 さ んとうotosan
momははhaha
mother お母さんokāsan
grandfatherお じ い さ んおじいさんojiisan
grandmotherお ば あ さ んおばあさんobaasan
uncleお じ さ んおじさんojisan
auntお ば さ んおばさんobasan
husbandご 主 人ごしゅじんgoshujin
wife奥 さ んおくさんokusan
son息 子 さ んむすこさんmusukosan
daughterお 嬢 さ んおじょうさんojousan

Humble Words

EnglishKanyiHiragana/KatakanaRomaji
older brotherあにani
younger brotherおとうとotouto
older sisterあねane
younger sisterいもうとimouto
fatherちちchichi
motherははhaha
grandfather祖 父そふsofu
grandmother祖 母そぼsobo
uncle叔 父/ 伯 父おじoji
aunt叔 母 / 伯 母おばoba
husbandおっとotto
wifeつまtsuma
son息 子むすこmusuko
daughterむすめmusume

NOTE:

The humble words are used when you talk about your own family, for example when you say: "my father" in japanese will be: "watashi no chichi".

The honorific words are used when you talk about someone esle family, for example when you say: "your father" in japanese will be: "anata no otousan".

The honorific words also are used to call the person that you're talking, for example: when you talk to your father you have to call him otousan.

Examples:

  • My father and my brother play soccer.

  • Chichi to otōto no asobi sakkā.

  • My mother is cooking my favorite meal.

  • Watashi no haha wa watashi no okiniiri no shokuji no shitaku o shite imasu

  • My uncle got married this weekend.

  • Oji wa, konshū-matsu ni kekkon shita

  • My niece broke her leg when she and her friends was playing.

  • Kanojo to kanojo no yūjin ga asonde ita toki, watashi no mei wa kanojo no ashi o otta.

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Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
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