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Beginners Guide And List Of Common Adjectives In Japanese

Definition:

An adjective is a word whose main role is to modify a noun or pronoun, giving more information about the noun or pronoun's definition.

Japanese adjetives are a bit different than other languages. As English language, Japanese adjetives are placed before a noun (Never after noun). In japanese Language there are not number neither gender for adjetives and nouns.

Types of Japanese Adjetives

**Adjetival Verbs (i-adjetives)****Adjectival Nouns (na-adjetives) ****Attributives**
**i-adjectives** all end in "**i**" (い)These attach to a form of the copula, which then inflectsThese may only occur before nouns

The Use of Adjetives

Adjetives as Predicates -> "i"-Adjetives:

**Past****Past Negative****Present Negative**
Replace **i** with **Ku nai**Replace **i** with **katta**Replace **i** with **Ku nakatta**

Adjetives as Predicates -> "na"-Adjetives: This adjetives cannot be used as predicates themselves, that is the reason why the final "na" () is deleted and followed by "da" ().

Modifying Nouns:

**"i-adjetives"****"na-adjetives" **
Take the basic form

Examples:

  • Small dog

  • Chīsai inu

  • Expensive camera

  • Kōkana kamera

  • Famous singer

  • Yūmeina kashu

This is a complete list of Japanese Adjetives:

**English**KanjiHiragana/ KatakanaRomaji
Bad悪いわるい*Warui*
Beautiful美しいうつくしい*Utsukushii*
Cheap格安かくやす*Kakuyasu*
Clean清潔度きよし*Kiyoshi*
Cold コールド*Kōrudo*
Different異なることなる*Kotonaru*
Difficult困難こん'なん*Kon'nan*
Early初期しょき*Shoki*
Easy簡単かんたん*Kantan*
Friendly フレンドリー*Furendorī*
Good良いよい*Yoi*
Heavy重いおもい*Omoi*
Important重要じゅうよお*Jūyō*
Married既婚きこん*Kikon*
Natural自然しぜん*Shizen*
Nice ニース*Nīsu*
Open オープン*Ōpun*
Polite礼儀正しいれいぎ ただしい*Reigi tadashii*
Poor プア*Pua*
Rich リッチ*Ritchi*
Sad悲しいかなしい*Kanashii*
Simple シンプル*Shinpuru*
Slow遅いおそい*Osoi*
Small *Shō*
Sweet スウィート*Suu~īto*
Tall背の高いせ の たかい*Se no takai*
Warm暖かいあたたかい*Atatakai*
Well *Mo*
Worse さらに悪いことに*Sarani warui koto ni*
Worst最悪さいあく*Saiaku*
Wrong間違ってまちがTて*Machigatte*
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Author: Ichika
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