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Japanese Grammar: Prepositions Are Easy And Here's Why

Definition: A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

There are hundreds of different prepositions in Japanese languages with which one can composes different sentences. The following is a complete list of prepositions in Japanese.

**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
aboutやく*yaku*
above上にうえに*ue ni*
across横切っておこぎって*yokogit te*
after後にあとに*atoni*
againstに対してに たいし て*ni taishi te*
amongの間にの あいだ に*no aida ni*
aroundの周りにの まわり に*no mawari ni*
asとして*toshite*
at*ni*
beforeまえ*mae*
behind後ろに後ろに*ushiro ni*
below下に*shita ni*
beneath下に*shita ni*
beside横によこ に*yoko ni*
betweenの間にの あいだ に*no aida ni*
beyond越えてこえ て*koe te*
butしかし*shikashi*
byによって*niyotte*
despiteにもかかわらず*ni mo kakawara zu*
down下に*shita ni*
during間にあいだ に*aida ni*
except除いてのぞい て*nozoi te*
forのために*no tame ni*
fromから*kara*
in中で*naka de*
inside内部でないぶ で*naibu de*
into中に*naka ni*
near近くに*chikaku ni*
next次の*tsugi no*
of*no*
on上に*ue ni*
opposite反対のはんたい の*hantai no*
out外で*soto de*
outside外側でそと がわ で*soto gawa de*
over上に*ue ni*
perごとに*goto ni*
plus*to*
round周りにまわり に*mawari ni*
sinceから*kara*
thanより*yori*
throughまで*made*
tillまで*made*
to*ni*
towardに向かって*ni mukat te*
under下に*shita ni*
unlikeとは違ってと は ちがって*to wa chigat te*
untilまで*made*
up上に*ue ni*
with*to*
withoutなしで*nashi de*
according toによると*ni yoru to*
because ofのために*no tame ni*
close toの近くに*no chikaku ni*
due toのために*no tame ni*
except forを除いてを のぞい て*wo nozoi te*
far from遠いと は ちがっ て*tooi*
inside ofの中に*no naka ni*
instead ofの代わりに*no kawari ni*
near toの近くに*no chikaku ni*
next toの隣にの となり に*no tonari ni*
outside ofの外側にの そと がわ に*no soto gawa ni*
prior toの前にの まえ に*no mae ni*
three words三つの言葉みっつ の ことば*mittsu no kotoba*
as far as限りかぎり*kagiri*
as well asだけでなく*dake de naku*
in addition toに加えて*ni kuwae te*
in front ofの前にの まえ に*no mae ni*
in spite ofにもかかわらず*ni mo kakawara zu*
on behalf ofに代わって*ni kawat te*

Examples:

  • Let's go to the cinema
  • Rettsu wa, eiga-kan ni iku
  • The bank is next to the police station.
  • Ginko wa keisatsu-sho ni rinsetsu shite imasu.
  • My Mother lives far away
  • Watashi no haha wa toku ni sunde iru
  • Susana lives across from the park.
  • Suzan'na wa, koen no mukai ni sunde imasu.
  • The dog is in the Veterinary
  • Inu wa shishidesu
  • Bob's in the Martha's house
  • Bobu wa masa no ie ni iru
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Author: Ichika
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