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Japanese Grammar: List Of Pronouns For New Beginners

Definition: A pronoun is a word that takes the place os a noun. However some pronouns are used as adjectives, modifying the meaning of a noun rather than replacing it.

Types of pronouns:

  • Subject Pronouns
  • Direct Object Pronouns
  • Indirect Objects Pronouns

Subject Pronouns: Japanese Subject Pronouns are frecuently omitted when it's not easy to guesswho is being referred to. Futhermore, second-person an third-person are seldom or never used, especially to address a superior, because it carries an rude tone. In general, the name of a person or one's occupation is followeb by the polite suffix さん -San wich is commonly used intead of a personal pronoun.

Personal Pronouns in Japanese refer to people, not ideas or things.

English Kanji Katakana/Hiragana Romaji
I(formal) 私 わたし Watashi
I(men) 僕 ぼく Boku
I(girls, women)あたし Atashi
I(rough, men) 俺 おれ Ore
Youあなた Anata
You(less formal) 君 きみ Kimi
You(informal, men) お 前 おまえ Omae
You(rude)あんた Anta
He 彼 かれ Kare
She 彼 女 かのじょ Kanojo
He/Sheあの人 Ano hito
He/Sheあの方 Ano hō
We私たち Watashi-tachi
They 彼 ら かれら Karera

Examples

  • How are you?

  • あ な た は ど の よ う に?

  • Anata wa dono yō ni.

  • I went to Tokyo last month.

  • 私 は 先 月 東 &#20140 #12395;行 っ て き ま し た.

  • Watashi wa sengetsu Tōkyō ni itte kimashita.

  • How old is she?

  • å½¼ 女 は 古 い で す か ?.

  • Kanojo wa furuidesu ka?

  • He is a man with a sense of humor.

  • å½¼ は ユ ー モ ア の セ ン ス を 持 つ 男 で す

  • Kare wa yÅ«moa no sensu o motsu otokodesu.

  • We want to buy a car.

  • 私 た ち は 車 を è³¼ 入 し た い

  • Watashi-tachi wa kuruma o kōnyÅ« shitai.

  • They will travel to Japan.

  • å½¼ ら は 日 本 を 訪 問 す る.

  • Karera wa Nippon o hōmon suru.


Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
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