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Japanese Grammar: List Of Pronouns For New Beginners

Definition: A pronoun is a word that takes the place os a noun. However some pronouns are used as adjectives, modifying the meaning of a noun rather than replacing it.

Types of pronouns:

  • Subject Pronouns
  • Direct Object Pronouns
  • Indirect Objects Pronouns

Subject Pronouns: Japanese Subject Pronouns are frecuently omitted when it's not easy to guesswho is being referred to. Futhermore, second-person an third-person are seldom or never used, especially to address a superior, because it carries an rude tone. In general, the name of a person or one's occupation is followeb by the polite suffix さん -San wich is commonly used intead of a personal pronoun.

Personal Pronouns in Japanese refer to people, not ideas or things.

**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
I(formal)私わたし*Watashi*
I(men)僕がく*Boku*
I(girls, women)あたし*Atashi*
I(rough, men)俺おれ*Ore*
Youあなた*Anata*
You(less formal)君きみ*Kimi*
You(informal, men)お 前おたえ*Omae*
You(rude)あんた*Anta*
He圌かれ*Kare*
She圌 女かのじょ*Kanojo*
He/Sheあの人*Ano hito*
He/Sheあの方*Ano hō*
We私たち*Watashi-tachi*
They圌 らかれら*Karera*

Examples

  • How are you?
  • あ な た は ど の よ う に?
  • *Anata wa dono yō ni.*
  • I went to Tokyo last month.
  • 私 は 先 月 東 京 #12395;行 っ お き た し た.
  • Watashi wa sengetsu Tōkyō ni itte kimashita.
  • How old is she?
  • 圌 女 は 叀 い で す か .
  • Kanojo wa furuidesu ka?
  • He is a man with a sense of humor.
  • 圌 は ナ ヌ モ ア の セ ン ス を 持 ぀ 男 で す
  • Kare wa yÅ«moa no sensu o motsu otokodesu.
  • We want to buy a car.
  • 私 た ち は 車 を 賌 入 し た い
  • Watashi-tachi wa kuruma o kōnyÅ« shitai.
  • They will travel to Japan.
  • 圌 ら は 日 本 を 蚪 問 す る.
  • Karera wa Nippon o hōmon suru.

Author: Ichika
"新しい蚀語は、新たな人生の始たり。"
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