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Beginners Guide And List Of Common Adverbs In Japanese

Adverbs tell us when, how, why or where the action happens. They modify a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb or a complete sentence. They also can provide us information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place.

ADVERB RULE: You can make Japanese adverbs from adjectives in two ways:

  • In adjective that ends -i (い). Replacing the -i with -ku (く).
  • In adjective that ends -na (ăȘ). Replacing the -na with -ni (に). This ending corresponds to -ly in English.

Adverbs made from adjectives -i (い)

**Adjective****Adverb**
**Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji****English**
漉い*yasui*cheap漉く*yasuku*cheaply
æ—©ă„*hayai*quickæ—©ă*hayaku*quickly
è‰Żă„*yoi*goodよく*yoku*well
  • I walk quickly.
  • 私 は 早 く æ­© く
  • Watashi wa hayaku aruku

Adverbs made from adjectives -na (ăȘ)

**Adjective****Adverb**
**Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji****English**
静かăȘ*shizukana*quieté™ă‹ă«*shizukani*quietly
簡捘ăȘ*kantan'na*simpleç°Ąć˜ă«*kantan'ni*sipmly
きれいăȘ*kireina*cleanăă‚Œă„ă«*kireini*cleanly
  • You eat quietly.
  • あ ăȘ た は 静 か に 食 ăč る
  • Anata wa shizuka ni taberu

Adverbs that don't derive from adjectives

**English****Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji**
yesterday昚旄*kinou*not muchă‚ăŸă‚Š*amari*
a little民し*sukoshi*a few民ăȘい*sukunai*
today今旄*kyou*onlyばっかり*bakkari*
perhapsăŸă¶ă‚“*tabun*tomorrow明旄*ashita*
a littleちょっべ*chotto*very性怉*taihen*
every dayæŻŽæ—„*mainichi*howいかが*ikaga*
a lotたくさん*takusan*every morningæŻŽæœ*maiasa*
alwaysい぀も*itsumo*sometimesăšăă©ă*tokidoki*
now今*ima*againăŸăŸ*mata*
veryべども*totemo*soonやがど*yagate*
alreadyもう*mou*slowlyゆっくり*yukkuri*
inmediatelyすぐ*sugu*moreもっべ*motto*
yet, stillăŸă *mada*completelyăȘかăȘか*nakanaka*
almostほずんど*hotondo*clearlyはっきり*hakkiri*
quicklyどんどん*dondon*seldomă‚ăŁăŸă«*metta ni*
suddenlyçȘç„¶*totsuzen*softlyそっべ*sotto*
certainlyきっべ*kitto*besidesさらに*sara ni*
graduallyそろそろ*sorosoro*more and more益々*masumasu*
beforeć‰ă«*mae ni*afterćŸŒă§*ato de*
laterぼち*nochi*recentlyさっき*sakki*
untilă•ăă»ă©*sakihodo*quicklyさっさべ*sassato*
again憍び*futatabi*alreadyすでに*sudeni*
OK性䞈怫に*daijoubu ni*alone侀äșșで*hitori de*

Examples:

  • I go to the school every morning.

  • 私 ăŻæŻŽ æœć­Š æ Ą に èĄŒ く

  • *Watashi wa maiasa* gakkƍ ni iku

  • I almost died in the accident.

  • 私 は ほ ず ん ど た äș‹ 故 で æ­» äșĄ

  • Watashi wa hotondo no jiko de shibƍ.

Videos: Japanese Adverb

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Author: Ichika
"æ–°ă—ă„èš€èȘžăŻă€æ–°ăŸăȘäșșç”Ÿăźć§‹ăŸă‚Šă€‚"
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