Home > Lessons > Beginners Guide And List Of Common Adverbs In Japanese

Beginners Guide And List Of Common Adverbs In Japanese

Adverbs tell us when, how, why or where the action happens. They modify a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb or a complete sentence. They also can provide us information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place.

ADVERB RULE: You can make Japanese adverbs from adjectives in two ways:

  • In adjective that ends -i (). Replacing the -i with -ku ().
  • In adjective that ends -na (). Replacing the -na with -ni (). This ending corresponds to -ly in English.

Adverbs made from adjectives -i ()

**Adjective****Adverb**
**Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji****English**
安い*yasui*cheap安く*yasuku*cheaply
早い*hayai*quick早く*hayaku*quickly
良い*yoi*goodよく*yoku*well
  • I walk quickly.
  • Watashi wa hayaku aruku

Adverbs made from adjectives -na ()

**Adjective****Adverb**
**Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji****English**
静かな*shizukana*quiet静かに*shizukani*quietly
簡単な*kantan'na*simple簡単に*kantan'ni*sipmly
きれいな*kireina*cleanきれいに*kireini*cleanly
  • You eat quietly.
  • Anata wa shizuka ni taberu

Adverbs that don't derive from adjectives

**English****Japanese****Romaji****English****Japanese****Romaji**
yesterday昨日*kinou*not muchあまり*amari*
a little少し*sukoshi*a few少ない*sukunai*
today今日*kyou*onlyばっかり*bakkari*
perhapsたぶん*tabun*tomorrow明日*ashita*
a littleちょっと*chotto*very大変*taihen*
every day毎日*mainichi*howいかが*ikaga*
a lotたくさん*takusan*every morning毎朝*maiasa*
alwaysいつも*itsumo*sometimesときどき*tokidoki*
now*ima*againまた*mata*
veryとても*totemo*soonやがて*yagate*
alreadyもう*mou*slowlyゆっくり*yukkuri*
inmediatelyすぐ*sugu*moreもっと*motto*
yet, stillまだ*mada*completelyなかなか*nakanaka*
almostほとんど*hotondo*clearlyはっきり*hakkiri*
quicklyどんどん*dondon*seldomめったに*metta ni*
suddenly突然*totsuzen*softlyそっと*sotto*
certainlyきっと*kitto*besidesさらに*sara ni*
graduallyそろそろ*sorosoro*more and more益々*masumasu*
before前に*mae ni*after後で*ato de*
laterのち*nochi*recentlyさっき*sakki*
untilさきほど*sakihodo*quicklyさっさと*sassato*
again再び*futatabi*alreadyすでに*sudeni*
OK大丈夫に*daijoubu ni*alone一人で*hitori de*

Examples:

  • I go to the school every morning.

  • *Watashi wa maiasa* gakkō ni iku

  • I almost died in the accident.

  • Watashi wa hotondo no jiko de shibō.

Videos: Japanese Adverb


Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
Learn Japanese here.

Make sure to subscribe.