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How To Conjugate The Japanese Verb: 'To Do'

Like the verb 'to come' (kuru ๆฅใ‚‹), the verb suru "ใ™ใ‚‹" (to do) is also an important irregular verb in Japanese.

This is one of the easiest verbs to conjugate.

There are several different verbs which are formed as a combination between a noun and the verb suru. As an example, we can mention the verb Kaiketsu suru (่งฃๆฑบใ™ใ‚‹) that means 'to resolve a problem'.

In addition, Suru as a verb has other interesting combinations, formed with the ending 'jiru'.

For example the verb ronjiru (่ซ–ใ˜ใ‚‹) that means 'to debate'.

The correct conjugations of the verb suru are as follows:

Conjugation of Japanese verb Suru - to do ใ™ใ‚‹

Form Kanji Romaji
Informal Present ใ™ใ‚‹ Suru
Formal Present (~ masu Form) ใ—ใพใ™ Shimasu
Informal Pastย  (~ ta Form) ใ—ใŸ Shita
Formal Pastย  ใ—ใพใ—ใŸ Shimashita
Informal Negative (~ nai Form) ใ—ใชใ„ Shinai
Formal Negative ใ—ใพใ›ใ‚“ Shimasen
Informal Past Negative ใ—ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ Shinakatta
Formal Past Negative ใ—ใพใ›ใ‚“ใงใ—ใŸ shimasen deshita
Conditional ใ™ใ‚Œใฐ Sureba
Volitional ใ—ใ‚ˆใ† Shiyou
Passive ใ•ใ‚Œใ‚‹ Sareru
Causative ใ•ใ›ใ‚‹ Saseru
Potential ใงใใ‚‹ Dekiru
Imperative (Command) ใ—ใ‚ Shiro

Author: Ichika
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