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Irregular Verbs In Japanese: What They Are + Conjugations

The only two irregular verbs in Japanese do not conjugate with any other verb. These types of verbs are including in the third group. Learners only have to memorize the verbs in order to use them properly. The irregular verbs in Japanese language include the following:

Kuru (to come) ๆฅใ‚‹ / Suru (to do) ใ™ใ‚‹

The verb suru "ใ™ใ‚‹" is the most popular verb in the Japanese language because plenty of Japanese native speakers use this verb all the time; it is used also to mean โ€œto makeโ€ and โ€œto costโ€. In addition, the verb suru "ใ™ใ‚‹" is combined with many Chinese western nouns so as to create verbs. Here is a list of some examples.

  • Yushutsusuru ๏ผˆ่ผธๅ‡บใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to export

  • Ryokousuru ๏ผˆๆ—…่กŒใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to travel

  • Benkyousuru ๏ผˆๅ‹‰ๅผทใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to study

  • Dansusuru ๏ผˆใƒ€ใƒณใ‚นใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to dance

The list below shows the correct conjugation for these two irregular verbs:

Irregular Verbs - Kuru - ๆฅใ‚‹
ย EnglishKanjiRomaji
Plain present positiveComeใใ‚‹Kuru
Plain past positiveCameใใŸKita
Plain present negativeComeใ“ใชใ„Konai
Plain past negativeDidใ“ใชใ‹ใฃใŸKonakatta
VolitionalAs this / As thatใ“ ใ‚ˆใ†Koyou
ConditionalIf are sureใ ใ‚ŒใฐKureba
Irregular Verbs - Suru - ใ™ใ‚‹
ย EnglishKanjiRomaji
Plain present positiveMakeใ™ใ‚‹Suru
Plain past positiveWas, Wereใ—ใŸShita
Plain present negativeDo notใ—ใชใ„Shinai
Plain past negativeDidใ—ใชใ‹ใฃใŸShinakatta
ImperativeCaseใ›ใ‚ˆ or ใ—ใ‚Seyo or Shiro
ConjunctiveBy, And , Toใ—ใฆShite
ConditionalIf, Byใ™ใ‚ŒใฐSureba

Author: Ichika
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