Home | Lessons | Irregular Verbs In Japanese: What They Are + Conjugations

Irregular Verbs In Japanese: What They Are + Conjugations

The only two irregular verbs in Japanese do not conjugate with any other verb. These types of verbs are including in the third group. Learners only have to memorize the verbs in order to use them properly. The irregular verbs in Japanese language include the following:

Kuru (to come) ๆฅใ‚‹ / Suru (to do) ใ™ใ‚‹

The verb suru "ใ™ใ‚‹" is the most popular verb in the Japanese language because plenty of Japanese native speakers use this verb all the time; it is used also to mean โ€œto makeโ€ and โ€œto costโ€. In addition, the verb suru "ใ™ใ‚‹" is combined with many Chinese western nouns so as to create verbs. Here is a list of some examples.

  • Yushutsusuru ๏ผˆ่ผธๅ‡บใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to export

  • Ryokousuru ๏ผˆๆ—…่กŒใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to travel

  • Benkyousuru ๏ผˆๅ‹‰ๅผทใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to study

  • Dansusuru ๏ผˆใƒ€ใƒณใ‚นใ™ใ‚‹๏ผ‰ - to dance

The list below shows the correct conjugation for these two irregular verbs:

Irregular Verbs - Kuru - ๆฅใ‚‹
ย  English Kanji Romaji
Plain present positive Come ใใ‚‹ Kuru
Plain past positive Came ใใŸ Kita
Plain present negative Come ใ“ใชใ„ Konai
Plain past negative Did ใ“ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ Konakatta
Imperative Come ใ“ใ„ Koi
Volitional As this / As that ใ“ ใ‚ˆใ† Koyou
Conjunctive Come ใใฆ Kite
Conditional If are sure ใ ใ‚Œใฐ Kureba
Irregular Verbs - Suru - ใ™ใ‚‹
ย  English Kanji Romaji
Plain present positive Make ใ™ใ‚‹ Suru
Plain past positive Was, Were ใ—ใŸ Shita
Plain present negative Do not ใ—ใชใ„ Shinai
Plain past negative Did ใ—ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ Shinakatta
Imperative Case ใ›ใ‚ˆ or ใ—ใ‚ Seyo or Shiro
Volitional Try ใ—ใ‚ˆใ† Shiyou
Conjunctive By, And , To ใ—ใฆ Shite
Conditional If, By ใ™ใ‚Œใฐ Sureba

Author: Ichika
Learn Japanese here.

Make sure to subscribe.