How To Negatively Conjugate The Japanese Verb: 'To Have'

Written byIchika Yamamoto

In this lesson, we'll cover the conjugation of the Japanese verb motsu - 'to have' 持つ in the negative form.

Conjugation of Japanese verb motsu - to have 持つ

Verb Class The basic form of Group 1 verbs end with "~ u". This group is also called Consonant-stem verbs or Godan-doushi (Godan verbs).
Stem mot - , moch-
Te form motte
Infinitive mochi


Kanji Katakana/Hiragana Romaji
Present Indicative Plain   持たない motanai
Polite  持ちません mochimasen
Presumptive Plain   もたない だろう motanai darō
Polite  もたない でしょう motanai deshō
Imperative Plain   もつ な motsu na
Polite  もたない で ください motanai de kudasai
Past Indicative Plain   もたなかった motanakatta
Polite  もちません でした mochimasen deshita
Past Presumptive Plain   もたなかった だろう motanakatta darō
Polite  もたなかった でしょお motanakatta deshō
Present Progressive Plain      
Polite  もって いません motte imasen
Past Progressive Plain      
Polite  もって いません でした motte imasen deshita
Provisional Plain   もたなければ motanakereba
Polite  もちません なら mochimasen nara
Conditional Plain   もたなかったら motanakattara
Polite  もちません でしたら mochimasen deshitara
Potential Plain   もてない motenai
Polite  もてません motemasen
Causative Plain   もたせない motasenai
Polite  もたせません motasemasen
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