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Gerunds In Japanese: Beginner's Simplified Guide

Definition: In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative. In Japanese language, gerunds often associated with "-te" (),when an acction is still in progress.

**Verb ending in:****Replace with**
-ku く**-ite** いて
-gu ぐ**-ide** いで
-mu む**-nde** んで
-nu ぬ**-nde** んで
-bu ぶ**-nde** んで
-su す**-shite** して
-tsu つ**-tte** って
-u う**-tte** って
-ru る**-tte** って
-kuru くる**kite** きて
-suru する**shite** して
  • Note: The verb IKU (Go) is an exception.

Gerunds in Present and Pat tense

**Present Tense****Past Tense**
Adding **"Te"**Adding **"Iru/Imasu"**

Examples:

  • My dad was running
  • Watashi no chichi ga jikko sa rete iru
  • He was talking
  • Kare ga hanashite ita
  • I am eating
  • Watashi ni tabete iru
  • My friend is watching tv
  • Watashi no yujin wa terebi o mite iru

Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
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