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Gerunds In Japanese: Beginner's Simplified Guide

Definition: In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative. In Japanese language, gerunds often associated with "-te" (て),when an acction is still in progress.

Verb ending in: Replace with
-ku く -ite いて
-gu ぐ -ide いで
-mu む -nde んで
-nu ぬ -nde んで
-bu ぶ -nde んで
-su す -shite して
-tsu つ -tte って
-u う -tte って
-ru る -tte って
-kuru くる kite きて
-suru する shite して
  • Note: The verb IKU (Go) is an exception.

Gerunds in Present and Pat tense

Present Tense Past Tense
Adding "Te" Adding "Iru/Imasu"


  • My dad was running

  • 私 の 父 が 実 行 さ れ て い る

  • Watashi no chichi ga jikko sa rete iru

  • He was talking

  • 彼 に 話 し て い た

  • Kare ga hanashite ita

  • I am eating

  • 私 に 食 べ て い る

  • Watashi ni tabete iru

  • My friend is watching tv

  • 私 の 友 人 は テ レ ビ を 見 て れ ま す

  • Watashi no yujin wa terebi o mite iru

Author: Ichika
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