Gerunds In Japanese: Beginner's Simplified Guide

Written byIchika Yamamoto

Definition: In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative. In Japanese language, gerunds often associated with "-te" (て),when an acction is still in progress.

Verb ending in:Replace with
-ku く-ite いて
-gu ぐ-ide いで
-mu む-nde んで
-nu ぬ-nde んで
-bu ぶ-nde んで
-su す-shite して
-tsu つ-tte って
-u う-tte って
-ru る-tte って
-kuru くるkite きて
-suru するshite して
  • Note: The verb IKU (Go) is an exception.

Gerunds in Present and Pat tense

Present TensePast Tense
Adding "Te"Adding "Iru/Imasu"


  • My dad was running

  • 私 の 父 が 実 行 さ れ て い る

  • Watashi no chichi ga jikko sa rete iru

  • He was talking

  • 彼 に 話 し て い た

  • Kare ga hanashite ita

  • I am eating

  • 私 に 食 べ て い る

  • Watashi ni tabete iru

  • My friend is watching tv

  • 私 の 友 人 は テ レ ビ を 見 て れ ま す

  • Watashi no yujin wa terebi o mite iru

  • Share:
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
Japanese Language Guide
Learn Japanese
Make sure to subscribe.
This online learn Japanese resource guide is for anyone who wants to learn the Japanese language. My goal is to help you learn Japanese grammar and phrases, and share the best Japanese resources to help you learn.
Japanese Language Guide
Author: Ichika Yamamoto
新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。Learn Japanese here.Make sure to subscribe.
© Japanese Language Guide, 2024. Privacy Disclaimer Contact