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Japanese Demonstrative Pronouns Made Simple For Beginners

Demonstrative Pronouns take the place of a noun.

Demonstrative pronouns are used the same way as in other languages, but in Japanese there are some rules that you need to remember.

IMPORTANT: When you want to form a question, you have to use do- (ใฉ). For example:

"hon wa doko desuka" (Where is the book?)

Pronouns for animals and things

There are some pronouns that can replace a noun, but you only can use them when you talk about animals or things.

See the table below.

EnglishJapaneseRomaji
This oneใ“ใ‚Œkore
That oneใใ‚Œsore
That one (far)ใ‚ใ‚Œare
Which oneใฉใ‚Œdore

EXAMPLES:

  • This is my book.

  • ใ“ ใ‚Œ ใฏ ็ง ใฎ ๆœฌ ใง ใ™

  • Kore wa watashi no hon desu

  • That is your car

  • ใ“ ใ‚Œ ใฏ ใ‚ ใช ใŸ ใฎ ่‡ช ๅ‹• ่ปŠ ใง ใ™

  • Are wa anata no jidลsha desu

Pronouns for people

You can use these pronouns to talk about people.

If you use these pronouns, you must use it before the noun that you're talking about. These pronouns are in the table below.

EnglishJapaneseRomaji
Thisใ“ใฎkono
Thatใใฎsono
That (far)ใ‚ใฎano
Whichใฉใฎdono

EXAMPLES:

  • That bag is yours.

  • ใ ใฎ ใ‹ ใฐ ใ‚“ ใฏ ใ‚ ใช ใŸ ใฎ ใง ใ™

  • Sono kaban wa anata no desu

  • This car is green.

  • ใ“ ใฎ ่‡ช ๅ‹• ่ปŠ ใฏ ็ท‘ ใง ใ™

  • Kono jidลsha wa midori desu. Notice that kono is before the noun jidลsha.

Pronouns for places

You can use these pronouns to talk about a specific place.

See the table below.

EnglishJapaneseRomaji
Hereใ“ใ“koko
Thereใใ“soko
Over thereใ‚ใใ“asoko
Whereใฉใ“doko

EXAMPLES:

  • Your mother are here.

  • ใ‚ ใช ใŸ ใฎ ใŠ ๆฏ ใ• ใ‚“ ใฏ ใ“ ใ“ ใซ ใ„ ใ‚‹

  • Anata no okasan wa koko ni iru

  • Where is your house?

  • ใ‚ ใช ใŸ ใฎ ๅฎถ ใฏ ใฉ ใ“ ใง ใ™ ใ‹

  • Anata no ie wa dokodesu ka


Author: Ichika
"ๆ–ฐใ—ใ„่จ€่ชžใฏใ€ๆ–ฐใŸใชไบบ็”Ÿใฎๅง‹ใพใ‚Šใ€‚"
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