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Japanese Particles: What They Are + How To Pronounce Them

Japanese, as any other important language in the world, has the same elements and components such as verbs, nouns and adjectives that support a fluid communication. However, the prepositions are a crucial part in the elaboration of sentences and phrases. In this fashion, people who want to speak any language need to use the prepositions and conjunctions properly.

Also known as a post positions because they come after a noun, particles in the Japanese language work the same as prepositions in the English language. Particles are an essential aspect in the Japanese language because people use these particles to communicate their ideas properly. In fact, they connect the diverse parts of a sentence.

Even though particles are the most difficult grammatical rule in the Japanese language, they are pretty important because they are the linking agents of a sentence. Usually, some particles have English Equivalents, but the majority of them have plenty of functions and meanings.

There are several kinds of particles in the Japanese language; the majority of them have different meanings.

Subject indicators

わ (wa)     が (ga)

Direct Object Indicator

お (o)

Indirect object indicator

に (ni)

Destination Indicator

え (e)

Action Indicator

で (de)

Possession indicator

の (no)


も (mo)


と (to)     や (ya)


よ (yo)

Question maker

か (ka)

Author: Ichika
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