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Japanese Grammar: Subordinating Conjunctions

Definition: These are conjunctions that connect two clauses of unequal standing: a main caluse with a dependent clause. When the ideas in two independent clauses are not of equal importance, you can use a subordinating conjuntion or relative pronoun to join the clauses into one complex sentence, placing the less important idea in the independ clause. The subordinating conjuction one chooses indicates how the clauses are related.

Chinese people don't use frecuently subordinating conjunctions, but if they do, these are the most common:

**English****Kanji****Katakana/ Hiragana****Romaji**
whenとき*toki*
beforeまえ*mae*
afterあと*ato*
whileあいだ*aida*
becauseから*kara*
sinceので*node*
butのに*noni*
whenねがら*negara*
untilまで*made*

Examples:

  • My friend usually goes golfing when he is not at work

  • Kare ga shigoto de inai toki ni watashi no yūjin wa tsūjō no purē o iku.

  • I always read the newspaper before work.

  • .

  • Watashi wa itsumo shigoto no mae ni shinbun o yonde.

  • I take a walk after the meal.

  • .

  • Watashi wa shokuji ato ni sanpo suru.

  • The room is quiet while this child is sleeping.

  • .

  • Kono ko ga nete iru aida heya wa shizukadesu.

  • I went to see a movie because I was free yesterday.

  • .

  • Watashi kinōnode kara watashi wa eiga o mi ni itta.

  • My friend and I often talk about when we are eating.

  • .

  • Watashi no yūjin to watashi wa shibashiba watashi-tachi ga tabete iru negara no hanashi.


Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
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