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Easy Guide To Using Conjunctions In Japanese

Definition: Conjunctions are words of relation, joining sentences together. Like Prepositions, Conjunctions are unmeaning when they stand alone. They connect different phrases, clauses, sentences or affirmations, so as to show the mutual bearing of the sentences conjoined.

There are some conjunctions that can not be used to connect two equal clauses in Japanese language; however, there is a large list of conjunction in Japanese. Most conjunctions are simply particles or postpositions. Generally, conjunctions come at the end of the dependent cluse or clauses in order to control it.

The Japanese grammar distinguishes coordinative and subordinative conjuctions so one must arrange the Japanese conjuctions as follows:

**Copulative Conjunctions**
**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
also mo
orまたmata
and勝つかつkatsu
and then及びおよびoyobi
then カネテkanete
**Disyunctive Conjunctions**
**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
.....or, ....or ....か,...か....Ka,...Ka
....and, ...and....矢,...矢....や,...や....Ya,....Ya
**Adversative Conjunctions**
**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
but もっともMottomo
despite さん 乍San nagara
however しかしShikashi
but ながらNagara
**Conclusive Conjunctions**
**English****Kanji****Katakana/Hiragana****Romaji**
thus このようにKono yō ni
then それからSorekara
so それでSorede
and then そしてSoshite
therefore それでわSorede wa

Examples:

  • Mary likes to write songs and to play the violin.

  • .

  • Mearī wa,-kyoku o katsu kaite baiorin o hiku no ga suki.

  • She will take the Math class or the Chinese language class.

  • Kanojo wa sūgaku no kurasu mata Chūgoku-go no kurasu o torudeshou.

  • She likes to sing so she would be a rock star.

  • .

  • Kanojo wa rokkusutā ni naru sorede ni utau no ga suki.

  • Your mother cooks then she watches television.

  • .

  • Anata no okāsan no ryōri wa, sore kara, kanojo wa terebi o mite imasu.

  • She didn't bring a gift but she came to party.

  • .

  • Kanojo wa okurimono o motte konakattanagara, kanojo wa pātī ni kita.


Author: Ichika
"新しい言語は、新たな人生の始まり。"
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